Rabati Malik – caravanserai and royal fortress

The royal fortress, Rabati Malik, an outstanding monument of medieval architecture of Central Asia, is located in the steppe near the old Kermin on the main highway between the two ancient cultural centers of the region – Samarkand and Bukhara. Here lay the Great Silk Road, connecting the countries of the Mediterranean and China. During the time of Narshakhi, the importance of the road between Samarkand and Bukhara increased so much that it was called royal – “Shah-Rah”.
At present, a single portal has remained from Rabati Malik, which the locals no longer call Rabati Malik, but “Bukhara Gates”. The ruins of a fortified castle that flourished 700-800 years ago, was the home of the Khan and his heirs, was built by one of the nomadic leaders of Maverannahr – Melik Khan, Karakhanid
The construction of the “royal fortress” in the steppe, as established by the complex of data, dates back to the end of the 11th century.
On the territory of medieval Maverannahr, Rabati Malik is the only monument of the palace type
The inscription says: “the building was built by the Sultan of the world and with the help of God it became like paradise”

Only centuries later, after the Karakhanid dynasty left the historical arena at the beginning of the thirteenth century, and the Tatar-Mongol hordes swept through the lands of Central Asia with all the consequences of a foreign conquest, this comfortable “Royal Fortress” first ceased to be a dynastic residence, and then gradually turned into a roadside caravanserai, which stood on the main route Samarkand – Bukhara.

During the excavations, it was found that the “Royal Fortress” was built in the 11th century, rebuilt in the 11th century. From the thirteenth century Until the beginning of the 18th century, Rabati Malik functioned as a roadside caravanserai.


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